Design of utility networks is one of the key components of any project. None of the projects can be made without utility networks, whether that be construction of new or reconstruction of existing facilities.
There is always the need in the design of utility systems and networks for industrial enterprises, office centres, houses, warehouses, and boilers. Utility systems may be divided into two main types, namely interior and exterior utilities that include the following:
Oil and gas mains;
Interior and exterior power networks (earthing and lightning protection, outdoor lighting, power lines, various distribution points and substations, etc.);
Interior and exterior data communication networks (telecommunication networks, telephony, etc.);
Interior and exterior water supply networks including sewage (pump stations, treatment facilities, water disposal in buildings, sewage and water supply, etc.);
Interior and exterior heat supply networks (heat supply stations, systems of heating and hot-water supply, etc.);
Interior and exterior gas supply networks (gas pipelines and gas distribution systems, gas meters, pressure sensitive switches, etc.);
Interior networks of ventilation and air conditioning (air conditioning and ventilation of industrial, trading, residential and public facilities, etc.).
When designing the utility networks, it is highly important to consider the specifics of each facility.